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发表日期:2008-05-20 发表人:中国地质图书馆

最致命的地震

 

Rank

Name

Date

Location

Fatalities

Magnitude

Comments

1

"Shaanxi"

January 23 , 1556

Shaanxi , China

830,000

8

 

2

"Indian Ocean"

December 26 , 2004

Off West coast of Northern Sumatra, Indonesia

~300,000 dead and missing

9.31

Deaths from earthquake and tsunami.

3

"Tangshan"

July 27 , 1976

Tangshan , China

255,000 (official)

7.5

Estimated death toll as high as 655,000.

4

"Aleppo"

August 9 , 1138

Aleppo , Syria

230,000

8.5

Death toll disputed as first mention of 230,000 dead was in the 15th century.

5

"Damghan"

December 22 , 856

Damghan , Iran

200,000

 

 

" Gansu "

December 16 , 1920

Ningxia - Gansu , China

200,000

8.6

Major fractures, landslides.

7

" Ardabil "

March 23 , 893 +

Ardabil , Iran

150,000

 

 

8

" Great Kantō "

September 1 , 1923

Kantō , Japan

143,000

7.9

Great Tokyo fire.

9

" Ashgabat "

October 6 , 1948

Ashgabat , Turkmenistan

110,000

7.3

 

10

"Kashmir"

October 8 , 2005

India & N.W.F.P , Pakistan

100,000 (estimated), 80,000 (official)

7.6 or 7.8

3.5 million people homeless, 100,000 feared dead

Source: USGS [3]